Accord Chaim-Faycal
Il est commun de représenter la déclaration Balfour de 1917 comme un point de césure dans la relation entretenue entre sionistes et nationalistes arabes. Plus tôt, les seconds ne sont pas nécessairement opposés aux premiers, pas tout le temps, pas de la même manière, etc. le choix des britanniques qui aurait promis plein de choses à plein de gens
Ce récit, sans être dénué de sens, est relativement inexact. Le texte suivant est celui de l'accord entre l'émir Fayçal et Chaïm Weizmann, postérieur à la déclaration Balfour. Ce qui va générer la rupture c'est la colonisation européenne, franco-britannique, Sykes-Picot. Cette ligne de démarcation temporelle est aussi politique ; les élites du jeune Yishuv se rangent en grande partie derrière la puissance coloniale britannique - sauf notables exceptions, Aha'd Ha'am -, tandis que les Arabes ressentent l'immense trahison.
Radicalisation de part et d'autre ; Jabotinsky, Rashid Rida
(3 January 1919)

His Royal Highness the Amir FAISAL, representing and acting on behalf of the Arab Kingdom of HEJAZ, and Dr. CHAIM WE1ZMANN, representing and acting on behalf of the Zionist Organisation, mindful of the racial kindship and ancient bonds existing between the Arabs and the Jewish people, and realising that the surest means of working out the consummation of their national aspirations, is through the closest possible, collaboration in the development of the Arab State and Palestine, and being desirous further of confirming the good understanding which exists between them, have agreed upon the following Articles:

Article I

The Arab State and Palestine in all their relations and undertakings shall be controlled by the most cordial goodwill and understanding and to this end Arab and Jewish duly accredited agents shall be established and maintained in their respective territories.

Article II
Immediately following the completion of the deliberations of the Peace Conference, the definite boundaries between the Arab State and Palestine shall be determined by a Commission to be agreed upon by the parties hereto.

Article III

In the establishment of the Constitution and Administration of Palestine all such measures shall be adopted as will afford the fullest guarantees for carrying into effect the British Government's Declaration of the 2nd of November, 1917.

Article IV

All necessary measures shall be taken to encourage and stimulate immigration of Jews into Palestine on a large scale, and as quickly as possible to settle Jewish immigrants upon the land through closer settlement and intensive cultivation of the soil. In taking such measures the Arab peasant and tenant farmers shall be protected in their rights, and shall be assisted in forwarding their economic development.

Article V

No regulation nor law shall be made prohibiiting or interfering in any way with the free exercise of religion; and further the free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship without discrimination or preference shall for ever be allowed. No religious test shall ever be required for the exercise of civil or political rights.

Article Vl

The Mohammedan Holy Places shall be under Mohammedan control.

Article Vll

The Zionist Organisation proposes to send to Palestine a Commission of experts to make a survey of the economic possibilities of the country, and to report upon the best means for its development. The Zionist Organisation will place the aforementioned Commission at the disposal of the Arab State for the purpose of a survey of the economic possibilities of the Arab State and to report upon the best means for its development. The Zionist Organisation will use its best efforts to assist the Arab State in providing the means for developing the natural resources and economic possibilities thereof.

Article VIII

The parties hereto agree to act in complete accord and harmony in all matters embraced herein before the Peace Congress.

Article IX

Any matters of dispute which may arise between the contracting parties shall be referred to the British Government for arbitration.



Provided the Arabs obtain their independence as demanded in my Memorandum dated the 4th of January, 1919, to the Foreign Office of the Government of Great Britain, I shall concur in the above articles. But if the slightest modification or departure were to be made [sc. in relation to the demands in the Memorandum] I shall not be bound by a single word of the present Agreement which shall be deemed void and of no account or validity, and I shall not be answerable in any way whatsoever.

(signed) FAISAL IBN HUSAIN (in Arabic)

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